[astro-ph/0601010] Detection and Fundamental Applications of Individual First Galaxies

Authors:  Renyue Cen (Princeton University Observatory)
Abstract:  First galaxies formed within halos of mass M=E7.5-E9 Msun at z=30-40 in the standard cold dark matter (CDM) universe may each display an extended hydrogen 21-cm absorption halo against the cosmic microwave background with a brightness temperature decrement of del T=-(100-150)mK at a radius 0.3 < r < 3.0 comoving Mpc, corresponding to an angular size of 10-100 arcseconds. A 21-cm tomographic survey in the redshift shell z=30-40 (at 35-45MHz), which could be carried out by the next generation of radio telescopes, is expected to be able to detect millions of first galaxies and may prove exceedingly profitable in enabling (at least) four fundamental applications for cosmology and galaxy formation. First, it may yield direct information on star formation physics in first galaxies. Second, it could provide a unique and sensitive probe of small-scale power in the standard cosmological model hence physics of dark matter and inflation. Third, it would allow for an independent, perhaps "cleaner" characterization of interesting features on large scales in the power spectrum such as the baryonic oscillations. Finally, possibly the most secure, each 21-cm absorption halo is expected to be highly spherical and faithfully follow the Hubble flow. By applying the Alcock-Paczynski test to a significant sample of first galaxies, one may be able to determine the dark energy equation of state with an accuracy likely only limited by the accuracy with which the matter density can be determined independently.
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Anze Slosar
Posts: 183
Joined: September 24 2004
Affiliation: Brookhaven National Laboratory

[astro-ph/0601010] Detection and Fundamental Applications of

Post by Anze Slosar » October 30 2006

This is an interesting paper, which proposes to directly observe first galaxies via 21cm absorption halo: if it works it has potential to be a very useful tool (see abstract). What do people think?

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